Dora Maar, Le Simulateur
Le Simulateur (The Pretender), 1936
Hand And Shell By Dora Maar
Dora Maar (aka Henriette Theodora Markovitch)
Sans Titre (Main-Coquillage), Untitled (Hand and Shell), 1934
Man Ray – Portrait Of Dora Maar
Portrait of Dora Maar, 1936
Dora Maar ~ The Ultimate Muse
"Dora Maar in her Studio"
Paris, 1946 by Brassai
She was born Henriette Theodora Markovitch in Tours, Western France to a Jewish family. Her father, Josip Marković, was a Croat architect, famous for his work in South America; her mother, Julie Voisin, was from Touraine, France. Dora grew up in Argentina.
Before meeting Picasso, Maar was already famous as a photographer. She also painted. She met Picasso in January 1936 on the terrace of the Café les Deux Magots in Saint-Germain-des-Prés, Paris, when she was 29 years old and he 54. The famous poet Paul Éluard, who was with Picasso, had to introduce them. Picasso was attracted by her beauty and self-mutilation (she cut her fingers and the table playing "the knife game"; he got her bloody gloves and exhibited them on a shelf in his apartment). She spoke Spanish fluently, so Picasso was even more fascinated. Their relationship lasted nearly nine years.
Dora Maar – Picasso's Muse
A constant influence in Picasso's life was the painter Dora Maar, with whom he had a parallel relationship (the closest was in 1930's). She featured as his Muse in most of his Abstract Works and was responsible for documenting his most famous work "Guernica." After the liberation of France, Pablo Picasso fell in love with a French art student, Francois Gilot.
Twenty-six years younger than Picasso, Maar was close to the surrealists. Her face and hands fascinated not only Picasso but also the photographer Man Ray, who took her picture several times.
When Picasso abandoned Maar for another woman in 1945, she had a nervous breakdown and became a recluse.
Photo of Dora Maar (1936) by Man Ray.